Development Awards and Deferred Revenue
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]|
|Development Awards and Deferred Revenue||
Collaboration with Kaken
On January 3, 2019, Corbus Pharmaceuticals Holdings, Inc. the Company entered into a Collaboration and License Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Kaken Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., a company organized under the laws of Japan (“Kaken”). Pursuant to the Agreement, Corbus granted Kaken an exclusive license to commercialize pharmaceutical preparations containing lenabasum (the “Licensed Products”) for the prevention or treatment of dermatomyositis and systemic sclerosis (together, the “Initial Indications”) in Japan (the “Territory”).
Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, Corbus will bear the cost of, and be responsible for, among other things, conducting the clinical studies and other developmental activities for the Licensed Products in the Initial Indications in the Territory, and Kaken will bear the cost of, and be responsible for, among other things, preparing and filing applications for regulatory approval in the Territory and for commercializing Licensed Products in the Territory, and will use commercially reasonable efforts to commercialize Licensed Products and obtain pricing approval for Licensed Products in the Territory.
In consideration of the license and other rights granted by Corbus, Kaken paid to Corbus in March 2019 a $27,000,000 upfront cash payment and is obligated to pay potential milestone payments to Corbus totaling up to approximately $173,000,000 for the achievement of certain development, sales and regulatory milestones, with part of the milestone payments being calculated in Japanese Yen, and therefore subject to change based on the conversion rate to U.S. Dollars in effect at the time of payment. In addition, during the Royalty Term (as defined below), Kaken is obligated to pay Corbus royalties on sales of Licensed Products in the Territory, under certain conditions, in the double digits, which royalty shall be reduced in certain circumstances. In particular, for so long as Corbus supplies Licensed Products to Kaken pursuant to a supply agreement to be entered into by the parties, royalty payments shall be payable for each unit of Licensed Product that Corbus supplies as a percentage of the Japanese National Health Insurance price of the Licensed Product. During any time in which a supply agreement is not in effect, royalty payments shall be changed to a rate to be agreed upon by the parties in good faith.
The Agreement will remain in effect on a Licensed Product-by-Licensed product basis and will expire upon the expiration of the Royalty Term for the final Licensed Product. The “Royalty Term” means the period beginning on the date of the first commercial sale of the Licensed Product in Japan and ends on the latest of (i) the expiration of the last valid claim of the royalty patents covering such Licensed Product in Japan, (ii) the expiration of regulatory exclusivity for such Licensed Product for such Initial Indication in Japan, or (iii) ten (10) years after the first commercial sale of such Licensed Product for such Initial Indication in Japan. The Agreement may be terminated by either party for material breach, upon a party’s insolvency or bankruptcy or upon a challenge by one party of any patents of the other party, and Kaken may terminate in specified situations, including for a safety concern or clinical failure, or at its convenience following the second anniversary of the first commercial sale of a Licensed Product in either of the Initial Indications in the Territory, with 180 days’ notice.
Pursuant to the Agreement, the parties agreed to develop a joint steering committee to provide strategic oversight of the parties’ activities under the Agreement, as well as a joint development committee to coordinate the development of Licensed Products in Japan. Additionally, the parties will establish a joint commercialization committee to review and confirm commercialization activities with respect to Licensed Products in Japan upon regulatory approval of such Licensed Product.
The Agreement also contains customary representations, warranties and covenants by both parties, as well as customary provisions relating to indemnification, confidentiality and other matters.
The Company assessed this arrangement in accordance with ASC 606 and concluded that the contract counterparty, Kaken, is a customer. The Company identified the following material promises under the arrangement: (1) the exclusive license to commercialize lenabasum; (2) the product’s initial know-how transfer; (3) election to use the product trademarks; (4) the sharing of data gathered through the execution of the Global Development Plan for the Initial Indications; and (5) Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (“PMDA”)-required supplemental studies. The Company identified two performance obligations; (1) the combined performance obligation of the License, initial know-how transfer and license to the Company’s product trademarks; and (2) the sharing of data gathered through the execution of the Global Development Plan (as defined in the Agreement) for the Initial Indications. The Company determined that the license and initial know-how transfer were not distinct from another in the context of the contract, as initial know-how transfer is highly interrelated to the license and Kaken would incur significant costs to re-create the know-how of the Company. The Company determined that the election to use the product trademarks license contributes to the exclusivity of the license and, therefore, is combined with the license. The PMDA-required supplemental study is a contingent promise although not a performance obligation as the promise does not provide Kaken with a material right.
Under the Agreement, in order to evaluate the appropriate transaction price, the Company determined that the upfront amount of $27,000,000 constituted the entirety of the consideration to be included in the transaction price at the outset of the arrangement, which was allocated to the two performance obligations. The potential milestone payments that the Company is eligible to receive were excluded from the transaction price, as all milestone payments are fully constrained based on the probability of achievement. The Company will reevaluate the transaction price at the end of each reporting period and as uncertain events are resolved or other changes in circumstances occur, and, if necessary, adjust its estimate of the transaction price.
The Company estimated the stand-alone selling price of each performance obligation using a market approach and allocated the transaction price on a relative basis. This allocation resulted in a de minimis value attributable the obligation to sharing of data gathered through the execution of the Global Development Plan for the Initial Indications and effectively all of the value to the combined license, initial know-how transfer and license to product trademarks. Therefore, the full upfront payment of $27,000,000 is allocated to the combined performance obligation of the license, initial technology transfer and license to the product trademarks.
The Company received the upfront payment of $27,000,000 in March 2019 and, as the performance obligations were not yet satisfied at that time, the payment was recorded in deferred revenue as of March 31, 2019. The Company satisfied the combined performance obligation by June 30, 2019, upon which the Company recognized the $27,000,000 upfront payment as revenue in the second quarter of 2019.
The Company was required to make a $2,700,000 royalty payment to CFF within 60 days of receipt of the upfront cash payment from Kaken pursuant to the 2018 CFF Award. This obligation was paid by the Company to CFF in May 2019.
2018 CFF Award
On January 26, 2018, the Company entered into the Cystic Fibrosis Program Related Investment Agreement with the CFF (“Investment Agreement”), a non-profit drug discovery and development corporation, pursuant to which the Company received an award for up to $25 million in funding (the “2018 CFF Award”) to support a Phase 2b Clinical Trial (the “Phase 2b Clinical Trial”) of lenabasum in patients with cystic fibrosis, of which the Company has received $17.5 million in the aggregate through June 30, 2019 upon the Company’s achievement of milestones related to the progress of the Phase 2b Clinical Trial, as set forth in the Investment Agreement. In April 2019, the Company became entitled to receive $5 million upon its achievement of a milestone related to the progress of the Phase 2b Clinical Trial, as set forth in the Investment Agreement. The Company received payment from the CFF for this milestone achievement in May 2019. The Company expects that the remainder of the 2018 CFF Award will be paid incrementally upon the Company’s achievement of the remaining milestones related to the progress of the Phase 2b Clinical Trial, as set forth in the Investment Agreement.
Pursuant to the terms of the Investment Agreement, the Company is obligated to make certain royalty payments to CFF, including a royalty payment of one and one-half times the amount of the 2018 CFF Award, payable in cash within sixty days upon the first receipt of approval of lenabasum in the United States and a second royalty payment of one and one-half times the amount of the 2018 CFF Award upon approval in another major market, as set forth in the Investment Agreement (the “Approval Royalty”). At the Company’s election, the Company may satisfy the first of the two Approval Royalties in registered shares of the Company’s common stock.
Additionally, the Company is obligated to make (i) royalty payments to CFF of two and one-half percent of net sales from lenabasum due within sixty days after any quarter in which such net sales occur in the Field, as defined in the Investment Agreement, (ii) royalty payments to CFF of one percent of net sales of Non-Field Products, as defined in the Investment Agreement due within sixty days after any quarter in which such net sales occur, and (iii) royalty payments to CFF of ten percent of any amount the Company and its stockholders receive in connection with the license, sale, or other transfer to a third party of lenabasum, if indicated for the treatment or prevention of CF, or a change of control transaction, except that such payment shall not exceed five times the amount of the 2018 CFF Award, with such payments to be credited against any other net sales royalty payments due. Accordingly, the Company will owe to CFF a royalty payment equal to 10% of any amounts the Company receives as payment under the collaboration agreement with Kaken, provided that the total royalties that the Company will be required to pay under the Investment Agreement resulting from income from licenses or sales subject to the Investment Agreement are capped at five times the total amount of the 2018 CFF Award, and the Company may credit such royalties against any royalties on net sales otherwise owed to CFF under the Investment Agreement. Accordingly, the Company was required to pay CFF $2,700,000 in May 2019 as a result of its receipt of the $27,000,000 upfront cash payment from Kaken.
Either CFF or the Company may terminate the Investment Agreement for cause, which includes the Company’s material failure to achieve certain commercialization and development milestones. The Company’s payment obligations survive the termination of the Investment Agreement.
Pursuant to the terms of the Investment Agreement, the Company issued a warrant to CFF to purchase an aggregate of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “CFF Warrant”). The CFF Warrant is exercisable at a price equal to $13.20 per share and is immediately exercisable for 500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. Upon completion of the final milestone set forth in the Investment Agreement and receipt of the final payment from CFF to the Company pursuant to the Investment Agreement, the CFF Warrant will be exercisable for the remaining 500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The CFF Warrant expires on January 26, 2025. Any shares of the Company’s common stock issued upon exercise of the CFF Warrant will be unregistered and subject to a one-year lock-up.
Under the Investment Agreement, the Company recorded $2,589,783 and $1,090,878 of revenue during the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 and $6,570,048 and $2,894,966 of revenue during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. The Company assessed the 2018 CFF Award for accounting under ASC 606, which it adopted in the first quarter of 2018 (Note 3). To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that an entity determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the entity performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.
The Company assessed this arrangement in accordance with ASC 606 and concluded that the contract counterparty, CFF, is a customer. The Company identified the following material promise under the arrangement: research and development activities and related services under the Phase 2b Clinical Trial. Based on these assessments, the Company identified one performance obligation at the outset of the Investment Agreement, which consists of: Phase 2b Clinical Trial research and development activities and related services.
To determine the transaction price, the Company included the total aggregate payments under the Investment Agreement which amount to $25 million and reduced the revenue to be recognized by the payment to the customer of $6,215,225 in the form of the CFF Warrant representing its fair value, leaving the remaining $18,784,775 as the transaction price as of the outset of the arrangement, which will be recognized as revenue over the performance period as discussed below. The $6,215,225 fair value of the warrant was also recorded as an increase to additional paid in capital. The Company billed and collected $17,500,000 in milestone payments during the year ended December 31, 2018 which was recorded as an increase to deferred revenue. A roll forward of deferred revenue related to the Investment Agreement for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below.
The CFF Warrant is accounted for as a payment to the customer under ASC 606. See Note 11 for further information related to the CFF Warrant. The Company notes that the Investment Agreement contains an initial payment that was received upon contract execution and subsequent milestone payments, which are a form of variable consideration that require evaluation for constraint considerations. The Company concluded that the related performance milestones are generally within the Company’s control and as result are considered probable. Revenue associated with the performance obligation is being recognized as revenue as the research and development services are provided using an input method, according to the costs incurred as related to the research and development activities on each program and the costs expected to be incurred in the future to satisfy the performance obligation. The transfer of control occurs over this time period and, in management’s judgment, is the best measure of progress towards satisfying the performance obligation. The research and development services related to this performance obligation are expected to be performed over approximately 2.75 years and is expected to be completed in the third quarter of 2020. The amounts received that have not yet been recognized as revenue are recorded in deferred revenue and the amounts recognized as revenue, but not yet received or invoiced are generally recognized as contract assets on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet.
2015 CFFT Award
On April 20, 2015, the Company entered into an award agreement (the “2015 CFFT Award Agreement “) with the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Therapeutics, Inc (“CFFT”), a non-profit drug discovery and development affiliate of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (“CFF”) pursuant to which the Company received a development award (the “2015 CFFT Award”) for up to $5 million in funding. The funding from the 2015 CFFT Award supported a first-in-patient Phase 2 clinical trial of the Company’s oral anti-inflammatory drug lenabasum in adults with cystic fibrosis (“CF”). The Company received $5.0 million in payments under the 2015 CFFT Award. The payments received under the 2015 CFFT Award were recorded as deferred revenue when the triggering event to receive those amounts had occurred and were amortized on a straight-line basis over the expected duration of the remaining performance period under the 2015 CFFT Award which concluded in the third quarter of 2017.
In accordance with ASC 605, the Company recorded $2,440,195 of revenue during the year ended December 31, 2017 under the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement. No revenue was recorded under the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement during the year ended December 31, 2018 as the final performance period concluded in the third quarter of 2017. Under ASC 605, milestone payments were initially recognized only in the period that the payment-triggering event occurred or was achieved. Effective January 1, 2018, ASC 605 was superseded by Accounting Standards Codification 606 Revenue Recognition — Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). The Company adopted ASC 606 in the first quarter of 2018 using the modified retrospective method according to which the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 606 is recognized at the date of initial application. Since the Company concluded its performance obligations and completed recognizing revenue under the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement in the third quarter of 2017, there was no cumulative effect to record at the date of the Company’s adoption of ASC 606.
Pursuant to the terms of the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement, the Company is obligated to make royalty payments to CFFT contingent upon commercialization of lenabasum in the Field of Use (as defined in the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement) as follows: (i) a royalty payment equal to five times the amount the Company receives under the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement, up to $25 million, payable in three equal annual installments following the first commercial sale of lenabasum, the first of which is due within 90 days following the first commercial sale of lenabasum, (ii) a royalty payment to CFFT equal to the amount the Company receives under the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement, up to $5 million, due in the first calendar year in which the aggregate cumulative net sales of lenabasum in the Field of Use exceed $500 million, and (iii) royalty payment(s) to CFFT of up to approximately $15 million if the Company transfers, sells or licenses lenabasum in the Field of Use other than for certain clinical or development purposes, or if the Company enters into a change of control transaction, with such payment(s) to be credited against the royalty payments due upon commercialization. The Field of Use is defined in the 2015 CFFT Award as the treatment in humans of CF, asbestosis, bronchiectasis, byssinosis, chronic bronchitis/COPD hypersensitivity pneumonitis, pneumoconiosis, primary ciliary dyskinesis, sarcoidosis and silicosis.
Either CFFT or the Company may terminate the agreement for cause, which includes the Company’s material failure to achieve certain commercialization and development milestones. The Company’s payment obligations, if any, would survive the termination of the 2015 CFFT Award Agreement.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef